Assessment of safety, health and environmental risk factors in garments industries of Bangladesh

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh



The Ready-made Garments (RMG) sector, the highest earning foreign currency segment of Bangladesh, has a great influence on its GDP (gross domestic product) since 1980. With new technology adaption as well as cheap labor force, this sector has placed second position of exporting after China. To capture the market position, management has to give more attention on maintaining safety, health and environment (SHE) guidelines properly. This paper has proposed a structured framework for occupational risks assessment by means of quantitative way and also provided remedies of those risks in garments industry in the context of Bangladesh. Here, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method was applied for measuring severity of safety, health and environmental risk factors and quality function deployment (QFD) to prioritize the possible solutions. Through literature review and extracting opinions from experts, a total of four evaluation criteria and sixteen risk factors under SHE categories were recognized and examined via AHP approach to measure their importance. The results demonstrate that ‘Fire’ ‘Contagious diseases’, and ‘Noise’ took high priority in safety, health and environment related risk factors respectively. The findings of this paper may help garments industry effectively through proper identification of the most influential risk factors and generating solutions to mitigate this issue.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 26 September 2019
  • Receive Date: 21 June 2019
  • Revise Date: 20 August 2019
  • Accept Date: 22 September 2019