Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Accounting, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Rudsar-Amlash Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rudsar, Iran



The primary purpose of this research was to understand the importance of supply chain strategies in the field of supply chain risk management, emphasizing the effectiveness and efficiency of agile and lean strategies to create resilience and robustness in the supply chain. Data was collected from 392 supply chain experts working in Iran's automotive industry to test hypotheses through structural equation modeling. The findings of this study show that market orientation (as an external force) has more signicant impact on the development of agile strategy than lean strategy. In contrast, the quality management system (as an internal force) is highly correlated with the development of lean supply chain strategies. Moreover, agile and lean strategies also have a signicant impact on a resilient and robust supply chain. The proposed model helps organizations understand and create an ideal supply chain by implementing the right combination of both agile and lean supply chain strategies, which in turn helps to create a resilient and robust supply chain. Therefore, the findings of this study help policymakers to improve supply chain strategies by incorporating new management practices. This is original research that has various valuable insights for academic researchers and also supply chain strategy professionals as it reveals empirical evidence of the past vital concepts.


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